Reading – Đọc hiểu Bậc 1 (Bài 9)

Bài 9

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D

We will probably never know who first sold a beef inside a bun, but there are lots of contenders for having invented something similar. Genghis Khan and his army of Mongol horsemen used to snack on raw beef which they kept underneath their saddles. They also ground meat from lamb or mutton. This was fast food for busy warriors on horseback at that time. When the Mongols invaded Russia, the snack became known as “Steak Tartare”. In the 17th and 18th centuries trade between Germany and Russia gave rise to the “Tartare steak”, while the “Hamburg steak” became popular with German sailors along the New York City harbor.

It’s speculated that the first “Hamburger steak” was served at Delmonico’s Restaurant in New York City in 1834, but not in a bun. In 1885 Charlie “Hamburger” Nagreen served flattened meatballs between two slices of bread. As late as 1904 Fletcher Davis of Athens, Texas, attracted much attention when he sold his hamburgers at the St. Louis World’s Fair. Davis’s claim to having originated the hamburger has been supported by both McDonalds and Dairy Queen.

Brothers Frank and Charles Menches may also have made a major contribution to hamburger history: they sold ground pork sandwiches at the Erie Country Fair in New York, but one day in 1885, they were forced to use chopped beef because their butcher had run out of pork. They mixed in some coffee and brown sugar to beef up the taste and sold their “Hamburger Sandwiches”. The name “Hamburger” came from Hamburg, New York, the location of the fair.

  1. 1. What was the Menches’ contribution to hamburger history?
  • A They began to use chopped pork.
  • B They changed the taste of pork.
  • C They began to ground pork for sandwiches.
  • D They used another meat and added flavors.


  1. Which of the following is NOT stated about the Mongols in paragraph?
  • A They kept lambs and mutton nearby.
  • B They used to eat non-cooked meat.
  • C They occupied the Russian territories.
  • D They used to eat while riding a horse.


  1. 3. Where did “hamburger” get its name from?
  • A A place.
  • B The Germans.
  • C A man.
  • D A fair.


  1. 4. Which of the following is stated in the passage?
  • A Hamburger was first served in Germany.
  • B Sailors brought hamburger steak to New York.
  • C Tartare stake became popular in the 17th century.
  • D Minced beef appeared in the 15th century.


  1. 5. Who was “hamburger steak” invented by, according to paragraph 3?
  • A Fletcher Davis.
  • B Delmonico.
  • C Charlie “Hamburger” Nagreen.
  • D McDonalds.







Đáp án:

  1. D 2. A 3. A   4. C    5. A

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